Amantadine and rimantadine are antiviral drugs in a class of medications known as adamantanes that were once prescribed for influenza treatment or prophylaxis. These medications are active against influenza A viruses, but not influenza B viruses.
Where is adamantane found?
oil wells Adamantane is an unusual molecule that can actually be found in high abundance in some oil wells. It can also be made from the hydrogenated dimer of cyclopentadiene by a simple rearrangement process using heat and a catalyst.
Which drug is adamantane derivative?
The adamantane derivatives, amantadine hydrochloride and rimantadine hydrochloride, inhibit viral replication by blocking the proton channel formed by the M2 protein of influenza A viruses. The channel activity is necessary for viral particle uncoating during early and late stages of viral replication.
What is the point group of adamantane?
tetrahedral point Adamantane is a small hydrocarbon molecule with pure sp3 hybridized carbon atoms arranged in a tetrahedral point group, often referred to as a diamondoid.
Why is it called adamantane?
The spatial arrangement of carbon atoms in the adamantane molecule is the same as in the diamond crystal. This similarity led to the name adamantane, which is derived from the Greek adamantinos (relating to steel or diamond). It is a white solid with a camphor-like odor. It is the simplest diamondoid.
Why is adamantane called that?
Adamantane molecules consist of four connected cyclohexane rings arranged in the armchair configuration. … The spatial arrangement of carbonatoms in adamantane molecule is the same as in the diamond crystal. This motivates the name adamantane, which is derived from the Greek adamantinos (relating to steel or diamond).
How many rings does adamantane have?
Adamantane (Fig. 1) is comprised of three chair cyclohexane rings. [Although you may see four, formation of three rings consumes all of the carbon atoms.
What is foscarnet used to treat?
Foscarnet is principally used for the treatment of ganciclovir-resistant cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or in transplant recipients.
Which are antiviral drugs?
There are four FDA-approved influenza antiviral drugs recommended by CDC for use against recently circulating influenza viruses. … FDA Approved Drugs for Influenza
- Rapivab (peramivir)
- Relenza (zanamivir)
- Tamiflu (oseltamivir phosphate, also available as generic)
- Xofluza (baloxavir marboxil)
What class of drug is pyrazinamide?
Pyrazinamide is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of Tuberculosis. Pyrazinamide may be used alone or with other medications. Pyrazinamide belongs to a class of drugs called Antitubercular Agents.
What is c10h160?
Camphor C10H16O – PubChem.
What is TD Point Group?
Td Point Group The Td symmetry group is a one of the point groups considered to have higher symmetry. Molecules in the Td group, such as methane (CH4) have four C3 rotational axes. The character table for the Td point group is shown below: Td. E.
What is the name of C10H16?
Cyclodecyne C10H16 – PubChem.
How do you make norbornene?
Norbornene is made by a DielsAlder reaction of cyclopentadiene and ethylene. Many substituted norbornenes can be prepared similarly. Related bicyclic compounds are norbornadiene, which has the same carbon skeleton but with two double bonds, and norbornane which is prepared by hydrogenation of norbornene.
What is c10 h16?
The molecular formula C10H16 (molar mass: 136.24 g/mol) may refer to: Adamantane. Camphene. Carene. Limonene.
What is the molar mass of cl2?
Is Foscarnet an antibiotic?
What is foscarnet? Foscarnet is an antiviral medicine that prevents certain viruses from multiplying in your body. Foscarnet is used to treat cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in people with AIDS.
What are side effects of Foscarnet?
Foscarnet may cause side effects.Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:
- itching, redness, pain, or swelling in the place where you received your injection.
- stomach pain.
- back pain.
- loss of appetite or weight.
- vision changes.
How long does Foscarnet take to work?
It is usually infused slowly over 1 to 2 hours using an infusion pump.
How do you catch a viral infection?
There are many ways that you can become infected with a virus, including:
- Inhalation. If someone with a viral infection sneezes or coughs near you, you can breathe in droplets containing the virus. …
- Ingestion. Food and drinks can be contaminated with viruses. …
- Bites. …
- Bodily fluids.
What are symptoms of a viral infection?
Symptoms of viral diseases can include:
- Flu-like symptoms (fatigue, fever, sore throat, headache, cough, aches and pains)
- Gastrointestinal disturbances, such as diarrhea, nausea and vomiting.
- Malaise (general ill feeling)
- Stuffy nose, nasal congestion, runny nose, or postnasal drip.
How do you treat a virus?
For most viral infections, treatments can only help with symptoms while you wait for your immune system to fight off the virus. Antibiotics do not work for viral infections. There are antiviral medicines to treat some viral infections. Vaccines can help prevent you from getting many viral diseases.