What is abadies sign?

By | January 2, 2022

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Abadie’s sign of tabes dorsalis is a medical sign of tabes dorsalis, a late consequence of neurosyphilis. It is elicited by compressing the Achilles tendon, which normally causes pain. A positive Abadie’s sign is defined by the absence of pain.

What are the symptoms of Exophthalmic goitre Class 11?

Hyposecretion of thyroxine. Hint: Exophthalmic goitre is a disease in which enlargement of thyroid gland occurs, increase in basal metabolic rate, protrusion of the eyeballs and weight loss appears. Exophthalmic goiter is also known as Graves disease or toxic diffuse goiter.

What happens Exophthalmic goiter?

Thymus gland. Hint: Exophthalmic goiter is a disease in which enlargement of thyroid gland occurs, increase in basal metabolic rate, protrusion of the eyeballs and weight loss appears. Exophthalmic goiter is also known as Graves disease or toxic diffuse goiter.

What is meant by Exophthalmic goitre?

noun. a form of hyperthyroidism characterized by enlargement of the thyroid gland, protrusion of the eyeballs, increased basal metabolic rate, and weight lossAlso called: Graves’ disease.

How does tabes dorsalis relate to the dorsal root?

Tabes dorsalis is a slowly progressive parenchymatous degenerative disease of the dorsal column and dorsal root of the spinal cord as a result of syphilis caused by infection with Treponema pallidum pallidum, one of three subspecies of Treponema pallidum that can cause sexually transmitted disease in humans.

Is tabes dorsalis reversible?

If left untreated, tabes dorsalis can lead to paralysis, dementia, and blindness. Existing nerve damage cannot be reversed. If left untreated, tabes dorsalis can lead to paralysis, dementia, and blindness. Existing nerve damage cannot be reversed.

What is the cause of Exophthalmic goiter write its symptoms?

Graves disease, also called toxic diffuse goitre or exophthalmic goitre, endocrine disorder that is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism (excess secretion of thyroid hormone) and thyrotoxicosis (effects of excess thyroid hormone action in tissue).

What are the causes of cretinism?

Primary Cretinism may be caused by:

  • Congenital causes: Thyroid dysgenesis. Thyroid dyshormonogenesis. Ectopic thyroid gland.
  • Acquired causes: Autoimmune diseases. Antibodies pass placenta cause hypothyroidism. Antithyroid medications usage that can cross the placenta. Iodine deficiency. Inability to uptake iodide.

What is the effect of thyroxine on BMR?

The thyroid hormone thyroxine increases both basal metabolic rate and urinary water loss in mammals. Increases in basal metabolism and urinary water loss are likely to be detrimental to D. merriami, therefore the regulation of this hormone may be important.

What is the difference between simple goitre and Exophthalmic goitre?

Simple goiter is the manifestation of a deficiency disease depending on a relative or absolute deficiency of iodine, while exophthalmic goiter seems to be primarily a disease of the nervous system and more particularly of the visceral nervous system.

What does the word Exophthalmic mean?

Exophthalmic meaning Characterized by the prominence of the eyeballs. adjective. Of, or relating to exophthalmos. adjective. Having prominent eyeballs.

What is endemic goitre?

Endemic goitre occurs when the prevalence of thyroid enlargement in the population of an area exceeds 10%. With few exceptions its cause is iodine deficiency superimposed on other goitrogenic factors normally present and responsible for sporadic goitre.

Why Exophthalmic goitre is also called Graves disease?

It most often affects women under the age of 40, but it is also found in men. Graves’ disease was originally known as exophthalmic goiter but is now named after Sir Robert Graves, an Irish doctor who first described the condition in 1835.

How do you say Exophthalmic?

Phonetic spelling of exophthalmic goiter

  1. ex-oph-thalmic goi-ter.
  2. exophthalmic goiter. Jarred Murray.
  3. ex-oph-thal-mic goiter. Monique Khanyile.

How do you pronounce Exophthalmic goitre?

What is tabes dorsalis symptoms?

Symptoms

  • Abnormal sensations (paresthesia), often called lightning pains
  • Problems walking such as with the legs far apart.
  • Loss of coordination and reflexes.
  • Joint damage, especially of the knees.
  • Muscle weakness.
  • Vision changes.
  • Bladder control problems.
  • Sexual function problems.

What are the symptoms of neurosyphilis?

Depending on the form of neurosyphilis, symptoms may include any of the following:

  • Abnormal walk (gait), or unable to walk.
  • Numbness in the toes, feet, or legs.
  • Problems with thinking, such as confusion or poor concentration.
  • Mental problems, such as depression or irritability.
  • Headache, seizures, or stiff neck.

Which tracts are affected in tabes dorsalis?

Tabes dorsalis is a late consequence of neurosyphilis, characterized by the slow degeneration (specifically, demyelination) of the neural tracts primarily in the dorsal root ganglia of the spinal cord (nerve root).

Is tabes dorsalis bilateral?

In 90% of patients, the pupils are bilaterally small and fail to constrict further in response to light, but they do respond normally to accommodation (i.e., Argyll Robertson pupils). The onset of tabes dorsalis is usually first noticed 20 to 30 years after the initial infection.

Why is it called tabes dorsalis?

Symptoms result from degeneration of the dorsal roots of the spinal cord, giving it its name, which means dorsal wasting. The first manifestation is usually lightning pain, transient, stabbing pains affecting the legs; this is followed by loss of tendon reflexes and by progressive loss of muscular coordination ( …

What is Tabo paresis?

Tabo-paresis is a form of tertiary syphilis which contains features of both tabes dorsalis and general paralysis of the insane. Taboparesis is one of the causes of a mixed picture of upper and lower motor neurone signs in the legs leading to the presence of absent ankle jerks and extensor planter responses.

What is the function of calcitonin?

Calcitonin is involved in helping to regulate levels of calcium and phosphate in the blood, opposing the action of parathyroid hormone. This means that it acts to reduce calcium levels in the blood.

What hormone produces Calorigenic?

Thyroid hormones greatly increase the metabolic rate of the body and consequently, enhance heat production (calorigenic effect) and maintain BMR (basal metabolic rate). Thus this option is correct. Our required answer is d that is thyroxine.

What is simple goitre?

A simple goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland. It is usually not a tumor or cancer.

What are the signs and symptoms of cretinism?

Signs of cretinism or congenital hypothyroidism in a newborn include:

  • lack of weight gain.
  • stunted growth.
  • fatigue, lethargy.
  • poor feeding.
  • thickened facial features.
  • abnormal bone growth.
  • mental retardation.
  • very little crying.

What causes cretinism and goiter?

Iodine deficiency is well known as cause of cretinism in fetus and newborn, characterized by low birth weight, short stature, mental retardation, deaf, and/or mutism. Iodine deficiency in later period of life causes goiter commonly seen in low iodine intake region.

Is cretinism Hyposecretion or hypersecretion?

Cretinism is caused due to hyposecretion of the thyroxine hormone in the children and the symptom s include slow and retarded growth with less mental development.

What are early warning signs of thyroid problems?

Early signs of thyroid problems include:

  • Gastrointestinal problems. …
  • Mood changes. …
  • Weight changes. …
  • Skin problems. …
  • Sensitivity to temperature changes. …
  • Vision changes (occurs more often with hyperthyroidism) …
  • Hair thinning or hair loss (hyperthyroidism)
  • Memory problems (both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism)

Why is thyroxine necessary for metamorphosis?

TH is considered to be sufficient for metamorphosis because addition of TH to premetamorphic tadpoles initiates virtually all known metamorphic changes (13).

What are the symptoms of thyroid problems in females?

Hypothyroidism signs and symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue.
  • Increased sensitivity to cold.
  • Constipation.
  • Dry skin.
  • Weight gain.
  • Puffy face.
  • Hoarseness.
  • Muscle weakness.