What does acantholysis mean in medicine?

By | January 3, 2022

Medical Definition of acantholysis : loss of coherence between keratinocytes of the epidermis that is due to breakdown of desmosomal intercellular attachments and is characteristic of various conditions (as pemphigus and herpesvirus infection) marked by vesicular eruption.

How do you say acantholysis?

Phonetic spelling of acantholysis

  1. a-can-thol-y-sis.
  2. acan-thol-y-sis. purushoth.
  3. acantho-lysis. Tom Wood.

What is the difference between pemphigus and pemphigoid?

Pemphigus affects the outer of the skin (epidermis) and causes lesions and blisters that are easily ruptured. Pemphigoid affects a lower layer of the skin, between the epidermis and the dermis, creating tense blisters that do not break easily.

What is acantholytic dermatosis?

Abstract. Transient acantholytic dermatosis is a self-limited, primary acantholytic disease that occurs predominantly in persons over 50 years old. The primary lesions, discrete papules and papulovesicles, are distributed mainly on the chest, back, and thighs and may be intensely pruritic.

What is Acantholysis in pemphigus vulgaris?

Specialty. Dermatology. Acantholysis is the loss of intercellular connections, such as desmosomes, resulting in loss of cohesion between keratinocytes, seen in diseases such as pemphigus vulgaris. It is absent in bullous pemphigoid, making it useful for differential diagnosis.

Is PV an autoimmune disease?

Pemphigus vulgaris is an autoimmune disorder that involves blistering and erosion of the skin and mucous membranes. It occurs almost exclusively in middle-aged or older people. The primary lesion of pemphigus vulgaris is a soft blister filled with clear fluid that appears on healthy or irritated skin.

What does Acantholysis mean?

Acantholysis means loss of coherence between epidermal cells due to the breakdown of intercellular bridges. It is an important pathogenetic mechanism underlying various bullous disorders, particularly the pemphigus group, as well as many non-blistering disorders.

What is Hailey Hailey skin condition?

Summary. Hailey-Hailey disease is a rare genetic disorder that is characterized by blisters and erosions most often affecting the neck, armpits, skin folds and genitals. The lesions may come and go and usually heal without scarring. Sunlight, heat, sweating and friction often aggravate the disorder.

What is Asboe Hansen?

The Asboe-Hansen sign (also known as indirect Nikolsky sign’ or Nikolsky II sign) refers to the extension of a blister to adjacent unblistered skin when pressure is put on the top of the bulla. This sign is named for the Danish physician Gustav Asboe-Hansen (19171989).

What are the cause of pemphigoid?

Pemphigoid is caused by a malfunction of the immune system and results in skin rashes and blistering on the legs, arms, and abdomen. Pemphigoid can also cause blistering on the mucous membranes. Mucous membranes produce mucous that helps protect the inside of your body.

Does stress cause pemphigoid?

For those of you who have any one of the pemphigus/pemphigoid (P/P) related skin diseases, stress is the number one factor in flare-ups occurring. The mind-body connection is very strong and stress encourages the antibodies to act up and give you more blisters.

What does pemphigoid look like on skin?

Check if you have bullous pemphigoid It usually starts as sore, itchy patches. On white skin the patches look red or pink. On brown and black skin they may look dark reddish-brown. It can affect large areas of the body or limbs.

What is Grover disease called in English?

Grover’s disease is also called transient acantholytic dermatosis. Transient means that it goes away over time. Some people, however, experience multiple outbreaks.

Why is it called Grover’s disease?

The exact cause of Grover’s disease is not known. It may be related to fragility of old sun-damaged skin. Some doctors feel that this skin disorder may be related to heat and sweating.

Is Grover’s disease fatal?

A Grover’s disease rash and the itching that accompanies it can lower a person’s quality of life. The good news is that the disease is not life-threatening and usually goes away in 612 months. Dermatologists can help people to manage the condition and control their symptoms.

Is Desmoglein a cadherin?

Desmoglein (Dsg) is a cadherin-like adhesion molecule that functions to maintain tissue integrity and facilitates cellcell communication.

What is Suprabasilar Acantholysis?

Suprabasal acantholysis, a common feature of several inflammatory skin diseases, develops exclusively within the germinative cellular pool of the epidermis. The process induces repair mechanisms by proliferation of cells in the suprabasal layers in whatever conditions it occurs, except in pemphigus vulgaris.

What is pemphigus Foliaceus in humans?

Pemphigus foliaceus is a rare autoimmune blistering disease which is characterised by superficial blisters, erosions and crusts on the skin. This type of pemphigus is less common than pemphigus vulgaris in Australia but in some parts of the world it is endemic and very common.

Who gets pemphigus vulgaris?

Who gets pemphigus vulgaris? Pemphigus vulgaris affects people of all races, age, and sex. It most commonly appears between the ages of 30 and 60 years and is more common in Jews and Indians than in other races, presumably for genetic reasons.

What are the signs and symptoms of pemphigus vulgaris on nails?

Pemphigus vulgaris is an autoimmune, mucocutaneous vesiculobullous disease1 , 5. Nail disease has been reported in a variety of manifestations: chronic paronychia, Beau’s lines, trachyonychia, onychomadesis, onycholysis, subungueal hemorrhage, nail plate discoloration, pitting, onychoschizia, and nail dystrophy 1 , 6 15.

What drugs can cause pemphigus vulgaris?

Drugs that cause pemphigus include:

  • Thiol drugs, including penicillamine, captopril.
  • Antibiotics: penicillins, cephalosporins, vancomycin.
  • Antihypertensive drugs: other angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors such as cilazapril, lisinopril, enalapril.
  • Piroxicam.

What is focal Acantholysis?

Focal acantholytic dyskeratosis (FAD) is a distinctive histologic pattern characterized by suprabasilar clefts surrounding dermal papillae (villi), acantholytic and dyskeratotic cells at all levels of the epidermis, hyperkeratosis, and parakeratosis.

Is Grover’s disease curable?

There is no cure for Grover’s disease and treatment is usually based on a person’s symptoms. Affected individuals are usually advised to avoid strenuous exercise and excessive sun exposure, as sweating and heat may induce more itchy spots.

How is pemphigus Foliaceus diagnosed in dogs?

How is pemphigus diagnosed? The diagnosis of pemphigus requires a skin biopsy. Your veterinarian will use a biopsy punch to remove a small, circular plug of skin from a skin lesion.

Is Hailey-Hailey a disability?

Hailey-Hailey disease (a skin fragility disorder) runs a chronic course and may cause important disability. However, little has been formally investigated concerning the quality of life (QoL) of patients affected by this disorder.

Is there a cure for Hailey-Hailey?

There is no cure for Hailey-Hailey disease since it is a genetic disorder. Treating patients for the symptoms does provide patients with relief and reduces the microbial infections. The first part of treatment is to avoid friction and sweating by wearing lightweight clothes.

How do I get rid of Hailey-Hailey disease?

There is no specific treatment for Hailey-Hailey disease and management generally focuses on the specific symptoms and severity in each person. People with Hailey-Hailey disease are encouraged to avoid triggers such as sunburn, sweating, and friction, and to keep the affected areas dry.

What is Cicatricial pemphigoid?

Cicatricial pemphigoid is a subepidermal blistering disease that involves the mucous membranes and the skin. The oral cavity and the eye are most frequently involved. The clinical course is of long duration, and often there is significant scarring that can have devastating sequelae.

What is pemphigus Neonatorum?

PEMPHIGUS NEONATORUM is a. disease of the new-born, in which. vesicles or blebs, usually flat on the top, appear with or without fever, on a per- fectly normal or reddened skin with.

What is Nikolsky?

Nikolsky sign is a skin finding in which the top layers of the skin slip away from the lower layers when rubbed.