What does a urinalysis test for?

By | January 6, 2022

A urinalysis is a test of your urine. It’s used to detect and manage a wide range of disorders, such as urinary tract infections, kidney disease and diabetes. A urinalysis involves checking the appearance, concentration and content of urine.

How do you read urinalysis results?

Normal values are as follows:

  1. Color Yellow (light/pale to dark/deep amber)
  2. Clarity/turbidity Clear or cloudy.
  3. pH 4.5-8.
  4. Specific gravity 1.005-1.025.
  5. Glucose – 130 mg/d.
  6. Ketones None.
  7. Nitrites Negative.
  8. Leukocyte esterase Negative.

What are the 3 components of a urinalysis?

A complete urinalysis consists of three components or examinations: physical, chemical, and microscopical. Physical examination describes the volume, color, clarity, odor, and specific gravity.

What does a positive urinalysis mean?

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What are four major reasons a urinalysis may be done?

Why the Test is Performed

  • As part of a routine medical exam to screen for early signs of disease.
  • If you have signs of diabetes or kidney disease, or to monitor you if you are being treated for these conditions.
  • To check for blood in the urine.
  • To diagnose a urinary tract infection.

What are the symptoms of bacteria in urine?

Symptoms

  • Pain or burning while urinating.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Feeling the need to urinate despite having an empty bladder.
  • Bloody urine.
  • Pressure or cramping in the groin or lower abdomen.

What infections can be found in urine?

Types of urinary tract infections (UTIs) urethritis infection of the urethra. cystitis infection of the bladder. pyelonephritis infection of the kidneys.

What is a high bacteria count in urine?

Bacterial colonization in urine is high when the level of bacterial counts is elevated meaning the number of colonies of a single organism is higher than 100,000 per mL. If the bacteria level in your urine is high and it’s causing physical symptoms, you have a symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI).

What is the normal level of urine?

According to the American Association for Clinical Chemistry, the average value for urine pH is 6.0, but it can range from 4.5 to 8.0. Urine under 5.0 is acidic, and urine higher than 8.0 is alkaline, or basic.

How many types of urine tests are there?

There are two types of urine tests your doctor may use.

What is pus cells in urine 2 3 HPF?

Presence of pus cells in urine defined as pyuria is an important accompaniment of bacteriuria which may be asymptomatic or can indicate toward underlying urinary tract infection (UTI). Pyuria is significant if there are more than 4 pus cells/HPF in a centrifuged urine sample.

What are some examples of abnormal findings in a urinalysis?

Things the dipstick test can check for include:

  • Acidity, or pH. If the acid is abnormal, you could have kidney stones, a urinary tract infection (UTI), or another condition.
  • Protein. This can be a sign your kidneys aren’t working right. …
  • Glucose. …
  • White blood cells. …
  • Nitrites. …
  • Bilirubin. …
  • Blood in your urine.

What does 100000 CFU ml mean?

For clean catch samples that have been properly collected, cultures with greater than 100,000 colony forming units (CFU)/milliliter of one type of bacteria usually indicate infection. In some cases, however, there may not be a significantly high number of bacteria even though an infection is present.

What is a dirty urine sample?

First-void (dirty) urine: (for STD testing only) To provide accurate, sensitive nucleic acid amplification STD test results, the following urine collection is required for STD testing. 1. Patient must not have urinated for at least one hour prior to STD urine specimen collection. 2.

What is the best antibiotic for a UTI?

Drugs commonly recommended for simple UTIs include:

  • Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra, others)
  • Fosfomycin (Monurol)
  • Nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin, Macrobid)
  • Cephalexin (Keflex)
  • Ceftriaxone.

What diseases can a urinalysis detect?

A urinalysis is a simple test that looks at a small sample of your urine. It can help find problems that need treatment, including infections or kidney problems. It can also help find serious diseases in the early stages, like kidney disease, diabetes, or liver disease. A urinalysis is also called a urine test.

What is the most common urine test?

Testing the urine is known as urinalysis (analysis of the urine). The most common use of urinalysis is to detect substances or cells in the urine that point to different disorders. Urinalysis is used to diagnose disease or to screen for health problems.

What should you not do before a urine test?

Before the test, don’t eat foods that can change the colour of your urine. Examples of these include blackberries, beets, and rhubarb. Don’t do heavy exercise before the test. Tell your doctor ALL the medicines and natural health products you take.

What are 3 symptoms of a UTI?

Symptoms

  • A strong, persistent urge to urinate.
  • A burning sensation when urinating.
  • Passing frequent, small amounts of urine.
  • Urine that appears cloudy.
  • Urine that appears red, bright pink or cola-colored a sign of blood in the urine.
  • Strong-smelling urine.

Are bananas good for urinary tract infection?

Bananas and other high-fiber foods can be good for urinary tract health and preventing urinary tract infections by encouraging regular bowel movements and relieving pressure on urine flow.

What causes urine infection?

UTIs are usually caused by bacteria from poo entering the urinary tract. The bacteria enter through the tube that carries pee out of the body (urethra). Women have a shorter urethra than men. This means bacteria are more likely to reach the bladder or kidneys and cause an infection.

Can stress cause a UTI?

Commonly known as UTI, urinary tract infections can be induced by stress. Feeling highly stressed is not the direct cause, but it leads to high levels of cortisol, which reduce the effect of the immune system.

What is an abnormal urine test?

Abnormal: A very high specific gravity means very concentrated urine, which may be caused by not drinking enough fluid, loss of too much fluid (excessive vomiting, sweating, or diarrhea), or substances (such as sugar or protein) in the urine.

What is normal E coli count in urine?

For that reason, up to 10,000 colonies of bacteria/ml are considered normal. Greater than 100,000 colonies/ml represents urinary tract infection. For counts between 10,000 and 100,000, the culutre is indeterminate.

What is staphylococcus in urine?

Staphylococcus saprophyticus is a Gram-positive bacterium that is a common cause of uncomplicated urinary tract infections, especially in young sexually active females. It is also responsible for complications including acute pyelonephritis, epididymitis, prostatitis, and urethritis.

What does 50000 CFU ml mean?

A full- blown infection will result in 100,000 colony- forming units (CFU) of bacteria. A milder infection, or an incompletely treated infection will result is less than 100,000 CFUs, such as 50,000 or 10,000. The most common type of bacteria that cause urinary tract infections in women is E. Coli.

How much urine in 24 hours is normal?

The normal range for 24-hour urine volume is 800 to 2,000 milliliters per day (with a normal fluid intake of about 2 liters per day).

What is a good urine pH?

The American Association for Clinical Chemistry says the normal urine pH range is between 4.5 and 8. Any pH higher than 8 is basic or alkaline, and any under 6 is acidic. A urine pH test is carried out as a part of a urinalysis.

How many times urinate a day?

For most people, the normal number of times to urinate per day is between 6 7 in a 24 hour period. Between 4 and 10 times a day can also be normal if that person is healthy and happy with the number of times they visit the toilet.