What causes scaphocephaly?

By | January 17, 2022

Scaphocephaly is caused by the early fusion of the sagittal suture which runs from front to back at the top of the skull. Early fusion of a suture in infancy is called synostosis and this type is the most common form of craniosynostosis.

How do you treat scaphocephaly?

Your doctor may recommend a specially molded helmet to help reshape your baby’s head if the cranial sutures are open and the head shape is abnormal. In this situation, the molded helmet can assist your baby’s brain growth and correct the shape of the skull. However, for most babies, surgery is the primary treatment.

When do you treat scaphocephaly?

When this happens, the bones put pressure on the brain and may keep it from growing normally. Scaphocephaly also causes a child’s head to look misshapen. This is why we recommend parents treat their children early preferably before six months of age.

How is scaphocephaly diagnosed?

The 3D CT scan is the most relevant and rapid diagnostic test. The authors present the personal experience of 98 scaphocephaly cases diagnosed and surgically treated in the Neurosurgical Department of Bagdasar-Arseni Emergency Hospital during a period of 10 years (2000 2009).

Can scaphocephaly be normal?

Yes, and some are more common than others. Scaphocephaly (also called sagittal synostosis) is the most common form of craniosynostosis, occurring in 50 to 60 percent of cases. It is characterized by a skull that is narrow from ear to ear. Scaphocephaly is also associated with increased pressure on the brain.

How is scaphocephaly prevented?

Parents can prevent the development of acquired (after-birth) plagiocephaly, brachycephaly, and scaphocephaly by:

  1. Providing sufficient tummy time during the day, when the baby is awake, starting soon after birth.
  2. Varying the position of the baby frequently.

Can scaphocephaly be corrected with helmet?

If your child is diagnosed with deformational plagiocephaly, brachycephaly or scaphocephaly and is less than 12 months old, cranial remolding may be prescribed to correct the shape of the baby’s head. Helmets must be prescribed by a licensed physician.

At what age is craniosynostosis surgery done?

Most procedures for the treatment of craniosynostosis are performed before the age of one year, and some are performed before 3-4 months of age. Almost any child with a fused suture is a candidate for surgery.

When should I be concerned about my baby’s head shape?

Let your doctor know immediately if you notice anything unusual or different about your baby’s head shape, like: your baby’s head shape is still misshapen 2 weeks or more after birth. a bulging or swollen spot on your baby’s head. a sunken soft spot on your baby’s head.

At what age does the sagittal suture close?

The sagittal suture starts to close at 2130 years of age, beginning at the point of intersection with the lambdoid suture and fusing anteriorly (9). If the sagittal suture closes prematurely, the skull becomes long, narrow, and wedge shaped, a condition known as scaphocephaly.

What is it called when your head is bigger than your body?

Macrocephaly refers to an overly large head. It’s often a symptom of complications or conditions in the brain. There’s a standard used to define macrocephaly: The circumference of a person’s head is more than two standard deviations above average for their age.

How can I change the shape of my baby’s head?

How is an uneven head shape treated?

  1. Change direction. Continue to place your baby on his or her back to sleep, but alternate the direction your baby’s head faces when you place him or her in the crib. …
  2. Hold your baby. …
  3. Try tummy time.

Is Scaphocephaly genetic?

The majority of cases are sporadic but familial cases with autosomal dominant inheritance have been described (6% of all cases).

Can craniosynostosis cause brain damage?

Sometimes, if the condition is not treated, the build-up of pressure in the baby’s skull can lead to problems, such as blindness, seizures, or brain damage.

What is a normal baby head shape?

What is Normal? Parents spend so much time with their baby, recognizing an abnormal head shape can sometimes be difficult. We’ve found it can be helpful to see examples of a normal head shape before looking at abnormal ones. Normally, the head is about 1/3 longer than it is wide and rounded at the back.

Is Scaphocephaly head shape normal?

In infants with scaphocephaly, the shape of the skull may become normal with maturity. For those with mild scaphocephaly, such as this patient, reassurance and clinical follow-up may be all that is needed.

When should I worry about Metopic Ridge?

While having a metopic ridge on its own is not harmful, a metopic ridge may be a sign of craniosynostosis. Craniosynostosis is a serious condition because when one of the sutures in the skull fuses prematurely, the brain does not have enough room to continue to grow.

Does sagittal craniosynostosis always require surgery?

The mildest forms of craniosynostosis do not require treatment. These cases manifest as mild ridging without significant deformity. Most cases, however, do require surgical management.

Does craniosynostosis get worse with age?

The most common sign of craniosynostosis is an oddly shaped head at birth or by the time the child is a few months old. The deformity usually gets even more noticeable over time. The head shape depends on the location of the fused skull suture.

Is Flat Head Syndrome parents fault?

Whether a flat head shape has developed before, during, or after birth, some babies will still develop the condition. This is through no fault of the parent and really cannot be prevented.

Why did Chrissy Teigen’s son wear a helmet?

Teigen shared a sweet Twitter video Wednesday night announcing that Miles, who had been wearing a helmet to accommodate a slightly misshapen head a condition known as plagiocephaly or flat head syndrome was now headgear-free. Happy helmet-free day!

Is cranial helmet covered by insurance?

Cranial helmets are considered Durable Medical Equipment and can absolutely be covered by insurance! Your insurance company typically wants to make sure that a helmet is medically necessary before they will cover the device.

Is craniosynostosis fatal?

Craniosynostosis Symptoms and Effects If not corrected, craniosynostosis can create pressure inside the skull (intracranial pressure). That pressure can lead to development problems, or to permanent brain damage. If not treated, most forms of craniosynostosis can have very serious results, including death.

Can a helmet fix craniosynostosis?

No, the only way to separate and remove bones that have fused together prematurely is surgery. Wearing a helmet without prior surgery, will not help bones that have already been fused. Why would a baby be born with this condition? Most of the time the reason for craniosynostosis in babies is not known.

Is craniosynostosis life threatening?

If left untreated, craniosynostosis can lead to serious complications, including: Head deformity, possibly severe and permanent. Increased pressure on the brain. Seizures.

What causes abnormal head shape?

Unlike plagiocephaly, craniosynostosis is a birth defect. It occurs when the bone plates in the skull fuse earlier than usual. As a result, the skull can no longer grow larger normally. Instead, the skull compensates by growing in other directions, which results in an abnormal head shape.

Do babies skulls change shape?

The change in head shape may begin when the baby is 1 to 2 months old. A baby’s skull bones are soft and pliable at birth. To allow for brain growth, the skull plates are not fully fused yet. But when a baby is repeatedly in the same position, the skull can flatten.

Why is my baby’s forehead so big?

The large, bulging forehead is a sign of the body protecting itself the child’s skull is compensating for the premature fusion and allowing normal brain growth to continue. The long, narrow skull that results from sagittal synostosis is known as scaphocephaly, sometimes referred to as a boat shape.