What are 4 types of tests done on urine?

By | January 7, 2022

Examples of specific urinalysis tests that may be done to check for problems include:

  • Red blood cell urine test.
  • Glucose urine test.
  • Protein urine test.
  • Urine pH level test.
  • Ketones urine test.
  • Bilirubin urine test.
  • Urine specific gravity test.

What is normal urine test report?

Urine Routine Test Normal Values

Reference range Interpretation
Specific gravity 1.005 to 1.025
pH 4.5 to 8
Blood 3 RBCs
Glucose 130 mg/d(milligrams per day)

What is the most common urine test?

Testing the urine is known as urinalysis (analysis of the urine). The most common use of urinalysis is to detect substances or cells in the urine that point to different disorders. Urinalysis is used to diagnose disease or to screen for health problems.

What is the pH level of urine?

The American Association for Clinical Chemistry says the normal urine pH range is between 4.5 and 8. Any pH higher than 8 is basic or alkaline, and any under 6 is acidic. A urine pH test is carried out as a part of a urinalysis.

What is a positive urine test?

An increased number of WBCs seen in the urine under a microscope and/or positive test for leukocyte esterase may indicate an infection or inflammation somewhere in the urinary tract. If also seen with bacteria (see below), they indicate a likely urinary tract infection.

What is urine full report?

The urine full report is a test which people undergo in order to have their urine tested. This report helps to analyze the urine for the presence or absence of certain substances, helping your doctor get a clearer idea of what might be wrong with you.

What is the normal HPF?

A normal result is 4 red blood cells per high power field (RBC/HPF) or less when the sample is examined under a microscope. The example above is a common measurement for a result of this test.

What type of infections can be detected in urine?

The most common infections diagnosed by urinalysis are UTIs, which are one of the most common bacterial infections that require medical intervention. Several other infections such as community-acquired pneumonia and viremia infections can also be diagnosed with the help of urinalysis.

Can I drink water before urine test?

Some people might drink lots of water to stay healthy or ensure they can give enough urine. Certain medications and kidney problems can also cause urine dilution. To prevent urine dilution, limit water and diuretic intake before administering the test.

What are 3 things that a urinalysis tests for?

Things the dipstick test can check for include:

  • Acidity, or pH. If the acid is abnormal, you could have kidney stones, a urinary tract infection (UTI), or another condition.
  • Protein. This can be a sign your kidneys aren’t working right. …
  • Glucose. …
  • White blood cells. …
  • Nitrites. …
  • Bilirubin. …
  • Blood in your urine.

What does a pH of 8.0 in urine mean?

According to the American Association for Clinical Chemistry, the average value for urine pH is 6.0, but it can range from 4.5 to 8.0. Urine under 5.0 is acidic, and urine higher than 8.0 is alkaline, or basic.

What is the reason for RBC in urine?

Infections. An infection in your urinary tract, bladder, kidneys, or prostate can cause inflammation and irritation that lead to RBCs appearing in urine. Sexual activity. Recent sexual activity can cause irritation of the tissues around the urinary tract.

What is normal protein level in urine?

For a random urine sample, normal values are 0 to 14 mg/dL. For a 24-hour urine collection, the normal value is less than 80 mg per 24 hours. The examples above are common measurements for results of these tests.

What is a high bacteria count in urine?

Bacterial colonization in urine is high when the level of bacterial counts is elevated meaning the number of colonies of a single organism is higher than 100,000 per mL. If the bacteria level in your urine is high and it’s causing physical symptoms, you have a symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI).

What is Pyuria in urine?

Pyuria is a condition referring to having white blood cells, or pus cells, in the urine. Women are at a greater risk for pyuria than men. Pyuria, by far, is the most common cause of white blood cells in the urine is due to an infection of the urinary system.

Is WBC in urine serious?

Most causes of blood in your urine are not serious, But sometimes red or white blood cells in your urine can mean that you have a medical condition that needs treatment, such as a kidney disease, urinary tract infection, or liver disease.

How do I check my urine report?

For a urinalysis, your urine sample is evaluated in three ways: visual exam, dipstick test and microscopic exam.

  1. Visual exam. A lab technician examines the urine’s appearance. …
  2. Dipstick test. A dipstick a thin, plastic stick with strips of chemicals on it is placed in the urine. …
  3. Microscopic exam.

What is the normal range for bacteria in urine?

Urine is normally sterile. However, in the process of collecting the urine, some contamination from skin bacteria is frequent. For that reason, up to 10,000 colonies of bacteria/ml are considered normal. Greater than 100,000 colonies/ml represents urinary tract infection.

How long is urine good for testing?

If you can’t hand your urine sample in within 1 hour, you should put the container in a sealed plastic bag then store it in the fridge at around 4C. Do not keep it for longer than 24 hours. The bacteria in the urine sample can multiply if it is not kept in a fridge. If this happens, it could affect the test results.

Is 50 RBC in urine high?

Hematuria on a UA should be reported as 0 to 3 RBC/HPF, 4 to 10 RBC/HPF, 11 to 25 RBC/HPF, 26 to 50 RBC/HPF, >50 RBC/HPF, or gross hematuria.

What is considered a high WBC in urine?

You’re bound to have a few WBCs in your urine even when you’re healthy, but if a urine test identifies levels above 5 wbc/hpf, it’s likely you have an infection. If bacteria are detected, your doctor may perform a urine culture to diagnose the type of bacterial infection you have.

What does 3+ blood in urine mean?

Hematuria Causes and Risk Factors You might have blood in your urine because of: Urinary tract or kidney infections. Bladder or kidney stones. Certain kidney diseases, such as inflammation in the filtering system (glomerulonephritis) An enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia) or prostate cancer.