In most cases, if there is reflux up the ureter into the lower part of the kidney, the reflux should be treated. It is unlikely to disappear with time. If this is the case, removal of the ureterocele and ureteral re-implantation (recreation of the flap valve) is recommended.
What causes urethrocele?
Urethroceles are often caused by childbirth, the movement of the baby through the vagina causing damage to the surrounding tissues. When they occur in women who have never had children, they may be the result of a congenital weakness in the tissues of the pelvic floor.
How is urethrocele diagnosed?
A woman showing signs of urethrocele will be diagnosed using a physical exam and with the help of some tests, such as a urinalysis and a urinary stress test. X-ray scans, as well as urine culture, may also be done to check for infection.
What does a urethrocele feel like?
a feeling of fullness or pressure in the pelvic and vaginal area. aching discomfort in the pelvic area. urinary problems, such as stress incontinence, being unable to empty the bladder, and frequent urination. painful sex.
How is a Urethrocele treated?
How is a Urethrocele Treated? The treatment of a urethrocele depends on the severity of it. If your urethrocele is mild, pelvic floor strengthening and avoidance of heavy straining can help. More severe urethoceles may require the use of a pessary.
Are ureteroceles painful?
Most people with ureteroceles do not have any symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they may include: Abdominal pain. Back pain that may be only on one side.
What is a urethrocele mean?
A urethrocele occurs when the tissues surrounding the urethra sag downward into the vagina. Both conditions are easy for your doctor to see during a physical exam. They often occur at the same time and are usually caused by damage that happens when a baby is delivered through the mother’s birth canal (vagina).
What does Procidentia mean?
Procidentia is the severe stage of pelvic organ prolapse. Pelvic organ prolapse is usually a non-life-threatening condition with the most common symptom described as a bulge-like sensation protruding from the vaginal vault.
How long does prolapse surgery take?
Prolapse repairs can be carried out under general anaesthetic or regional anaesthetic and may take between 30 60 minutes to be completed. An operation for a prolapse of the pelvic floor is done through your vagina so the scars will mainly be out of sight.
How common is ureterocele?
Ureteroceles are birth defects that occur in approximately 1 out of every 2,000 babies. They occur most often in Caucasians. A ureterocele is 10 times more common in girls than in boys, because a duplex collecting system (two ureters for one kidney) is more common in girls.
What is a small ureterocele?
A ureterocele is a small pouch or swelling at the end of your child’s ureter. Normally, the urine flows freely from the kidney to the bladder, but a ureterocele can block part or all of the stream, sometimes even causing the urine to flow backward into your child’s kidney.
Do Ureteroceles grow?
Other tests may be needed in specific situations that your pediatric urologist will discuss with you. The good news is that the vast majority of children with ureteroceles grow up healthy, normal, and do not have long term kidney problems even if they require surgery.
Is ureterocele a cyst?
A ureterocele is a cystic out-pouching of the distal ureter into the urinary bladder. It is one of the more challenging urologic anomalies facing pediatric and adult urologists.
Are Ureteroceles hereditary?
Ureterocele, an anomaly of ureteric budding, is likely a component of a spectrum of anomalies including vesicoureteral reflux and ureteral duplications. Both have been confirmed to have a genetic and familial basis.
What is Ureteroscopy surgery?
Ureteroscopy is a procedure to address kidney stones, and involves the passage of a small telescope, called a ureteroscope, through the urethra and bladder and up the ureter to the point where the stone is located.
What is the success rate of bladder prolapse surgery?
Approximately 94% achieved surgical success when it was defined as the absence of prolapse beyond the hymen. Subjective cure (absence of bulge symptoms) occurred in 92.1% while absence of re-treatment occurred in 97.2% of participants.
Does a prolapse smell?
You may experience pain in your vagina, back or tummy (abdomen). Sometimes, you may also notice a discharge from your vagina, which may be blood-stained or smelly. Sex may be uncomfortable or painful. Symptoms are usually worse after long periods of standing and they improve after lying down.
Can a Cystocele repair failure?
According to studies, 5-15% of women may have to face failure even after a prolapse repair surgery. Usually, there is a partial failure in these cases and requires no treatment or sometimes pessary (device placement in the vagina) or less extensive surgery than originally may help.
What is complete procidentia?
Procidentia refers to the complete eversion of the total length of the vagina with descent of the uterus and other pelvic organs as well. Women with procidentia typically present with a report of a mass protruding from the vagina.
What are the causes of procidentia?
Prolapsed uterus: causes and risk factors
- Vaginal deliveries.
- Trauma while delivering a baby or tough and exhausting labor and delivery.
- Delivering a large infant.
- Being overweight.
- Lower levels of estrogen after menopause.
- Chronic bronchitis or cough.
- Chronic straining while passing stool or constipation.
How do you prevent procidentia?
Conclusion: Incarcerated complete procidentia is treated in a stepwise process, initially reducing the prolapse to relieve acute incarceration symptoms. Typically, reduction is accomplished with the aid of a pessary.
How long does a Rectocele repair last?
It remains important not to become overtired or to perform any heavy lifting, strenuous exercise or physically demanding duties for a total of six weeks from the date of operation. Healing is not complete for 12 weeks (3 months) from the time of surgery.
How long do you stay in hospital after Rectocele surgery?
In most instances, you will be admitted to hospital on the day of your operation. You may be able to go home within 24 hours or, depending on your circumstances, you may need to stay in hospital for two to three days. You may have a catheter (tube) in your bladder to allow drainage of your urine.
How do you live with a Rectocele?
Here is what you can do:
- Avoid constipation by following a healthy diet and regular exercise.
- Take a stool softener to keep your bowel movements soft.
- Have plenty of water throughout the day (6-8 ounces)
- Keep weight under check.
- Avoid straining at stools (bearing down worsens the rectocele)
- Avoid heavy lifting.